Wednesday, July 22, 2020

Hypoglycemia and related to diabetes

Hypoglycemia is the leading limiting factor in the glycemic management of type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Severe hypoglycemia can have potentially serious consequences for patients with diabetes, especially if it causes falls or other injuries.

Hypoglycemia happened may due to too little food or skipping a meal; too much insulin or diabetes pills; more active than usual.

Iatrogenic hypoglycemia in patients with diabetes can be defined as all episodes of an abnormally low plasma glucose concentration that expose the individual to potential harm.

Symptoms of hypoglycemia including:
Shaky, fast heartbeat, sweeting, dizzy, anxious, hungry, blurry vision, weakness or fatigue, headache or irritable.

Classification of hypoglycemia in diabetes:
* Severe hypoglycemia
* Documented symptomatic hypoglycemia
* Asymptomatic hypoglycemia
* Probable symptomatic hypoglycemia
* Pseudo-hypoglycemia

Hypoglycemic episodes are common in type 1 diabetes, and 30% of individuals with type 1 diabetes mellitus experience 1 to 3 episodes of severe hypoglycemia annually. The prevalence of hypoglycemia is three times lower in type 2 than in type 1 diabetes mellitus.
Hypoglycemia and related to diabetes

Notes
Iatrogenic: relating to illness caused by medical examination or treatment.
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