Monday, July 18, 2022

Risk factors diabetes type II

Insulin is a hormone made by human pancreas that acts like a key to let blood sugar into the cells in human body for use as energy. If the person has type 2 diabetes, cells don’t respond normally to insulin. Factors that may increase risk of type 2 diabetes include:

*Weight. Being overweight or obese is a main risk. Because of the rise in obesity among U.S. children, this type is affecting more teenagers.

*Fat distribution. More at risk of type 2 diabetes if carrying extra weight, especially if this weight is around the middle, rather than hips and thighs.

*Inactivity

*Family history. If the person had a relative with diabetes, chances are higher that he’ll get it, too.

*High blood pressure

*Blood lipid levels. High blood triglyceride (fat) levels. It's too high if it's over 150 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL).

*Race and ethnicity. Nonwhite women have a greater chance of developing it. Being of an ethnicity that’s at higher risk: African Americans, Native Americans, Hispanic Americans, and Asian Americans are more likely to get type 2 diabetes than non-Hispanic whites.

*Age: The person more at risk if he is white and over 40 or over 25 if he is African-Caribbean, Black African, or South Asian.

*Prediabetes

*Smoking. Smoking is associated with a higher risk of type 2 diabetes, and also increases the risk of other health conditions such as heart disease and cancer.

*Pregnancy-related risks. Gestational diabetes or giving birth to a baby weighing more than 9 pounds

*Polycystic ovary syndrome. Hormonal disorder common among women of reproductive age. Women with Polycystic ovary syndrome may have infrequent or prolonged menstrual periods or excess male hormone (androgen) levels.

*Areas of darkened skin, usually in the armpits and neck
Risk factors diabetes type II

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